|Topic:||Histamine from Histidine .|
|Details:||Histamine is a potent neurotransmitter that binds to specific histamine receptors. Histamine is synthesized by the enzymatic decarboxylation of the amino acid histidine by the enzyme L-histidine decarboxylase (HDC). Within the gastrointestinal tract bacteria also produce histamine via a similar decarboxylation reaction. The principal cells that synthesize and release histamine are mast cells and basophils of the immune system, enterochromaffin-like cells of the gastrointestinal system, and neurons. The synthesis and storage of histamine by mast cells and basophils represents the greatest store (>90%) of the neurotransmitter. Within the brain the neurons that synthesize histamine are within the tuberomammillary nucleus of the hypothalamus.|
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