|Details:||Glycogen is the major form of stored carbohydrate in animals. This crucial molecule is a homopolymer of glucose in α–(1,4) linkage; it is also highly branched, with α–(1,6) branch linkages occurring every 8-10 residues. Glycogen is a very compact structure that results from the coiling of the polymer chains. This compactness allows large amounts of carbon energy to be stored in a small volume, with little effect on cellular osmolarity.
Glycogen Structure. Section of a glycogen polymer depicting glucose monomers as colored balls. The blue balls represent glucose linked by α1,4 glycosidic bonds. The red balls represent glucose at branch points where there are both α1,4 and α1,6 glycosidic bonds. The orange balls represent the reducing ends of the polymeric chains of α1,4-linked glucoses. The area in the box is expanded to show the actual structure of the glucose monomers in both α-1,4- and α-1,6 glycosidic linkages.
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